Conservation of natural resources



Conservation of natural resources

Ways to conserve environmental resources

The conservation of Environmental Resources is to use them in an appropriate way and to stay away from the unfair depletion of them, as nature provides everything necessary for living organisms to survive, so it must be exploited carefully to ensure the continuity of life and future generations, most of these resources are naturally present in the environment but in limited quantities, eventually

  • Maintain green areas and avoid heavy logging.
  •  Make room for the development and growth of forests, recycling dead plants and trees which benefit the soil. Recycle paper and cardboard. 
  • Use agricultural methods that do not strain the soil, such as refining the same crop in the same place.
  •  Growing different types of crops in the form of parallel belts on the slopes; to keep the soil from erosion and erosion caused by water runoff.
  •  Reduce logging operations over large areas to protect the soil from erosion. 
  • Stay away from the wrong fishing methods such as overfishing; in order to preserve biodiversity. 
  • Create parks and Wildlife Reserves that help preserve minority animal species.
  •  Rationalize water consumption and protect it from pollution.

How can an individual conserve environmental ؟

 resources Individuals contribute to the conservation of environmental resources through three main activities::

Reducing the resources used

The individual can reduce the use of resources by turning off or shutting down unused sources of electric energy, thus reducing the burning of fossil fuels used in the production of electricity, and adopting alternative transportation such as bicycles or walking

Reuse of resources

  It allows one to reuse many plastic and paper household items, thus reducing pollutants used in the production of new tools and materials.

material recycling

An individual can recycle glass, paper, cardboard, some types of metals, and plastics, and it is recommended to purchase recyclable products; Because some products may be made of a mixture of materials that cannot be separated and recycled.

Practical activities to conserve environmental resources

The following is greater detail of the activities that preserve environmental resources:

Energy conservation 

The individual conserves energy by relying on solar energy in household activities, planting trees around the house to obtain ventilation instead of air conditioners, using steam-pressure cooking vessels to reduce the energy used in the cooking process, drying clothes by placing them in the open air, and not Use a clothes dryer.

water conservation

One conserves water by using as little of it as possible, repairing leaking water pipes, turning off water taps when not in use, building a water harvesting system at home to collect rainwater, reusing water containing detergents to clean other things, and irrigating household plants Using drip irrigation during the evening hours, the construction of a sewage treatment center for facilities.

Soil conservation

Soil quality depends on the individual planting different types of plants, trees, and herbs, adopting drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation system to protect it from erosion.

Save food sources

 The individual can preserve food by cooking the quantities he needs without increasing, donating the surplus food before it spoils, and avoiding storing large quantities of grain crops that can be affected by harmful insects.

forest conservation

One maintains forests by avoiding the use of wood products, paper, and tree-based fuels, planting more trees, regulating livestock grazing, and avoiding dams and roads in forested areas.

Types of Environmental Resources

 The term environmental resources express those raw materials that are naturally present in the environment and are extracted to transform them into other materials or industries that benefit humanity, such as mining and oil extraction, and environmental resources can also be alive, such as plants, animals, and can be To be non-living, such as wind, sun and water, and these resources are divided into two basic types:

Renewable Environmental Resources

  The importance of renewable environmental resources lies in the fact that they produce clean energy, that is, they are the product of natural resources that are constantly renewed without polluting the environment, such as sunlight and wind, and humans have relied on these sources to a limited extent in the past, so they used the wind to run sailboats and wheat mills, and during the five hundred years In the past, humans turned to cheap and polluting sources of the environment such as coal, but now humans can extract renewable energy from multiple natural sources in an innovative and cheap way, and the most prominent of them are:

Solar energy whose heat is used to heat water and its light to generate electricity.

  Tidal energy from the moon's gravity.

Geothermal energy from heat retention under the Earth's surface.

  Wind use on a larger scale, as in wind farms.

Non-renewable environmental resources 

Non-renewable resources are defined as resources resulting from non-renewable natural resources during human life and may need millions of years to be formed again, so they are of limited quantities, and difficult to find in nature, and are not renewable within a relatively short time compared to the duration of Its formation, such as fossil fuels of all kinds from natural gas, coal, oil, and natural minerals that are used in the manufacture of industrial metallic minerals, and the following are some of the methods used to preserve non-renewable sources of energy from depletion.

  • Rationalization of electrical energy consumption, to reduce the use of fossil fuels in power plants.
  • Use of energy-saving devices.
  • Use of mass transportation.
  • Exploiting renewable energy sources.
  • Metal recycling.
  • Stay away from excessive mining operations.
  • Recycling of plastic products, glass, and metal cans.


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