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Health problems of water

Drink water water-related diseases pdf Water pollution Drinking water standards Water treatment Bacteria in water Access to water poor sanitation.


Health problems of water


Water is essential for life, but water contaminated with certain pollutants can pose a health risk. Drinking water contaminated with lead or other contaminants may cause serious, long-term health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set standards for drinking water quality around the world, but these standards aren't always followed in developing countries where many households lack access to clean drinking water. Water and health problems can also arise from poor sanitation practices, such as failing to properly treat sewage before releasing it into rivers or lakes that serve as sources of drinking water; when this happens, pathogens such as Cryptosporidium are released into surface waters and make their way into people's bodies.

Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning is a serious health problem. It can cause brain damage in children and lead to kidney disease and high blood pressure, anemia, reproductive problems, and miscarriage. The main sources of lead exposure are painted in older homes that have not been properly removed or children who have chewed on old toys or other objects containing lead.

Lead poisoning is a serious health problem in children and adults. Lead exposure can cause brain damage, kidney disease, high blood pressure, and anemia. It also has been linked to reproductive problems like miscarriages or premature births.

Lead poisoning occurs when a person's body contains too much lead because they have eaten paint chips or other materials containing lead (for example old toys).


While there are many factors that can cause cancer, exposure to certain chemicals has been linked to an increased risk of developing the disease. These include:

Aflatoxin and other food contaminants

Herbicides, pesticides and fungicides

Pesticides in water (including dechlorinated tap water)

It’s important to know how much of these toxins you are exposed to so you can reduce your risk of getting cancer or other diseases caused by them. There are also several ways you can reduce this exposure:

Limit the amount of time spent out in the sun or at beach locations; 2) Avoid drinking water from plastic containers; 3) When possible, use bottled drinks instead of tap water – especially ones made with fluoridated tablets added into hot drinks during processing; 4) Don't eat raw fish because it contains high levels of mercury which may cause neurological problems later on in life if consumed regularly over time periods longer than six months; 5) Avoid eating canned foods containing high amounts of nitrates such as tomatoes since they release cyanide when cooked but still allow us access through our bodies even though they're not cooked properly."

Coliform Bacteria

Coliform bacteria are a type of bacteria that can be found in the intestines of humans and animals. They are present in high numbers, but they do not cause illness themselves. Coliform bacteria are found in the intestines of humans and animals.

Coliforms can spread disease by:

Giving off gas (farting). This gas can make you sick if you breathe it into your lungs or swallow it.

Causing diarrhea; this is why coliforms often appear together with other types of diarrhea-causing diseases such as cholera and dysentery.[5]

Coliform bacteria are a type of bacteria that can be found in the intestines of humans and animals. They are sometimes referred to as fecal coliforms or fecal coliforms. These types of bacteria can cause illness when swallowed, breathed in, or injected into your body.

The most common types of human coliforms include E coli O157:H7 (a strain associated with severe cases of food poisoning), Salmonella spp., and Shigella flexneri (another diarrhea-causing pathogen), Campylobacter jejuni (the most common cause for bacterial gastroenteritis) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (a common opportunistic pathogen).


Cryptosporidium is a microscopic parasite that causes diarrhea in humans and other animals. Symptoms include watery stools, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. It can also lead to dehydration if you're infected with cryptosporidiosis for long periods of time.

Cryptosporidiosis may spread by contact with contaminated food or water or through close personal contact with someone who has it (e.g., bathing together). When people come into contact with cryptosporidial oocysts in recreational lakes such as lakes Michigan and Huron in Michigan's lower peninsula; the oocysts are spread via the fecal-oral route when they enter through the mouth during swimming or wading activities at these locations where they have been found on beaches along Lake Michigan shorelines between Milwaukee County Line Road overpasses (Portage Road) southward across county lines until reaching Muskegon Heights city limits just south of I-196 exit ramp onto Howard Street then crossing over Bay City Avenue intersection before going down Baldwin Avenue North towards North Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary Visitor Center near Harbor Village Plaza Mall where visitors can access restrooms via elevators located inside mall building lobby area nearest entrance doorways leading outside ground floor restrooms which contain both male & female urinals."


Diarrhea is a common symptom of waterborne illness. It can be caused by contaminated food or water, and it's one of the most common water-related illnesses in developing countries.

There are several different types of diarrhea: bloody diarrhea, non-bloody (or non-bloody with blood) diarrhea, and the cholera toxin. The condition may last for several days or weeks depending on what triggered it and how severe it was at the first onset.

Diarrhea can also cause dehydration if you don't drink enough fluids during treatment because your body does not produce enough urine when you're sick from an infectious disease like cholera or typhoid fever; this leads to vomiting as well as loss of appetite which further exacerbates dehydration symptoms!


Dysentery is a disease caused by bacteria. It causes diarrhea and abdominal pain, which makes it difficult to walk or move.

It can be treated with antibiotics, but if you're not given one quickly enough then the infection may spread through your body and lead to other complications such as sepsis (shock) or blood poisoning.

The most common source of dysentery is poor hygiene: people often get it because they haven't washed their hands before eating or after using the toilet. Others get infected when drinking untreated water from ponds or lakes that contain fecal matter from animals such as ducks and swans, which have been known to carry harmful bacteria like salmonella enteric serovar Typhimurium in their digestive tracts - especially at breeding grounds near rivers where these birds live!


Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines. It's caused by a number of things, including:

The virus Encephalitis (which causes brain damage)

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria infections (usually food poisoning)

Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever

Typhoid and paratyphoid fever are bacterial diseases that are caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi respectively. The symptoms of these infections include high fever, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Typhoid fever can be fatal if not treated properly; however, it is preventable with proper hygiene practices such as hand washing after defecation or after contact with animals (pigs).

Typhoid fever is a systemic illness that can be fatal if not treated properly; however, it is preventable with proper hygiene practices such as hand washing after defecation or after contact with animals (pigs).


Cholera is a severe, dehydrating illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms include diarrhea and vomiting; muscle cramps; dehydration; and shock. It can be treated with antibiotics and fluids but it's important to get prompt medical care.

Water is essential for life, but water contaminated with certain pollutants can pose a health risk.

Water is essential for life, but water contaminated with certain pollutants can pose a health risk.

Hard water contains calcium and magnesium salts that can be abrasive on the skin, which can cause dryness and itchiness. Hard water may also increase the risk of developing kidney stones or gallstones if you're prone to them. Water contaminated by heavy metals such as lead or arsenic may cause health problems such as headaches, fatigue, and dizziness (neurotoxicity).

Water pollution occurs when polluted runoff enters lakes, rivers or other bodies of water where it pollutes aquatic ecosystems; this includes sewage treatment plants (sewage outfalls) that discharge untreated waste into waterways near population centers—elevated levels of disinfection byproducts in treated wastewater contribute to these types of problems. Coliform bacteria are present in many types of municipal wastewater systems; these bacteria cause intestinal illness when ingested via drinking water from untreated sources like lakeside communities where human feces enter residential wells through septic tanks installed further downslope from city limits."


Water is essential to life and health, but it can also be a source of problems if you don't take care of it. Water contains many different elements and minerals that our bodies need to stay healthy, including calcium, magnesium, sodium chloride (salt), sulfuric acid, and carbon dioxide gas which have been shown in laboratory tests to cause cancer or other diseases when taken in excess amounts over long periods of time. In addition, many people are concerned about the pollution caused by pollutants such as nitrates from fertilizers running off into streams after heavy rains or sewage overflows during heavy rainfalls due to the overuse of municipal water systems without proper treatment facilities available for these contaminants before they enter our waterways

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